Kotdwara or Kotdwar was called Khohdwara initially;–meaning a gateway to the Khoh;–after river Khoh on whose banks it is located. Kotdwar is a transformation of this name. The town has always been a commercial centre; and being located on the foothills of Garhwal, it has played the important role of a supplier of essentials to the upper reaches of the hills, such as Pauri, Srinagar, Badrinath and Kedarnath.
Kotdwara can be accessed from Delhi by train (distance about 240 km) or by road (distance about 210 km). Trains such as 4041 Mussouri Express and 4044 Garhwal Express are available from Old Delhi Railway Station). A computerised railway reservation counter is available in Kotdwara. Bus services from Uttrakhand Roadways and UP roadways can be used from Kashmiri Gate ISBT, though for some time the UP roadways is running its operations from Kaushambi, near Anand Vihar ISBT. UPSRTC bus service is also available daily from NOIDA. Kotdwara, located at an altitude of 650 meters, has carved a niche for itself as the biggest center of trade and commerce in the district. Kotdwara acts as an entrance to the hills. All the items of daily use for the neighboring areas pass through this place. There are now two main bus terminals in Kotdwara. Most of the buses for hills of Uttaranchal can be boarded from the new Bus Terminal. But the old bus terminal is still active, particularly the UP roadways bus service can be availed from the Old bus terminal only (near the railway station and the main market of Kotdwara). Kotdwara can be reached via air through the airport of Jollygrant, which is the nearest one from this place. Jollygrant lies close to Deharadun, 115 km away enroute to Haridwar. Kotdwara is also quite well connected via rail and road to all the key towns and cities of India
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